Rice producers and crop rotation
Crop rotation is a fundamental principle of organic farming: it alone enables the soil to be maintained naturally with no use of pesticides or herbicides. It also provides the organic matter that is indispensable for the balanced soil nutrition needed to grow organic crops with no chemical fertilizers.
It is the guarantee of environmentally friendly and sustainable farming. In our production area, several rotation schemes coexist, depending on the nature of the soils, water availability, and specific climate variables:
- In the Camargue, where water is abundant and therefore a good rice-growing area, some farms have livestock: rotation = grassland / alfalfa – rice – wheat. Other farms do not raise livestock: rotation = alfalfa / legumes – rice – wheat – sunflower, and sometimes vegetable crops.
- In the rest of Provence, outside the Camargue, there is the same type of crop rotation, with no rice growing.